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金牌收藏精品推荐《地契》诚寻收藏大家!

【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

  [Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.

【藏品名称】地契

【藏品规格】规格不一

【藏品类型】杂项

Title of the collection

[collection Specification] different specifications

[collection type] miscellaneous

  

     有研究者这样说,地契是反映旧时代社会经济状况、农民赋税、地价变迁、粮食价格的一个标本,有着鲜明的时代特色,是封建社会中政府给土地所有者所颁发的最具权威性的“执照”,也是封建社会里最能体现土地所有者身价和社会地位的标杆。一份份地契背后,浓缩了中国农村土地变革的全部历史。

According to some researchers, the title deed is a specimen reflecting the social and economic conditions, farmers' taxes, land price changes and grain prices in the old era. It has distinctive characteristics of the times. It is the most authoritative "license" issued by the government to land owners in the feudal society, and also the benchmark that can best reflect the value and social status of land owners in the feudal society. Behind a title deed, it condenses the whole history of China's rural land reform.


As an important historical material to witness the change of land ownership in China, the title deed truly reflects the land ownership system, land ownership change and land management system in different historical periods, and even reflects the social, economic, political and cultural development in a certain historical period. In this sense, it is the lightest and thinnest piece of paper that bears the most profound and profound history of China under the feudal centralized system.  

 

   地契作为见证我国土地权属变更的重要历史资料,真实地反映了我国不同的历史时期的土地所有权制度、土地权属变更及对土地的管理制度,甚至反映某一历史时期的社会、济、政治、文化的发展状况。从这个意义上来说,正是这张最为轻盈单薄的纸,却承载了封建集权制度下中国最为深刻厚重的历史。


   中国古代史料中关于地契的概念是这样解释的:是典押、买卖土地时双方订立的法律文据。其中载明土地数量、坐落地点、四至边界、价钱以及典、买条件等,由当事人双方见证人签字盖章。是转让土地所有权的证明文件。地契由卖方书立,内容包括土地面积、坐落、四至,地价,出让条件,当事人双方、亲属、四邻、中人及官衙等签字盖章。未向官府纳税前的地契称为“白契”,经官府验契并纳税后称为“红契”。只有“红契”具有法律效力。

The concept of title deed in ancient Chinese historical materials is explained as follows: it is the legal document signed by both parties when they pawn and buy or sell land. The quantity, location, boundary, price, code and purchase conditions of the land shall be specified in the document, which shall be signed and sealed by the witnesses of both parties. Is the transfer of land ownership documents. The title deed shall be written by the seller, including the land area, location, land price, transfer conditions, signatures and seals of both parties, relatives, neighbors, middle people and government officials. The title deed before paying taxes to the government is called "white deed", and it is called "red deed" after being verified and paid taxes by the government. Only "red deed" has legal effect.

 

   

   地契由买方保存,作为土地所有权凭证,可以凭它作抵押贷款。中华人民共和国成立后,在国家土地征用条例公布前(1953年1月前)土地允许买卖,在买卖土地时仍需书写地契。我国古代的地契分为白契和红契两种,俗称“民契”与“官契”。买卖双方未经官府验证而订立的契据叫做草契或白契。立契后,经官府验证并纳税,由官府为其办理过户过税的手续之后在白契上粘贴由官方排版统一印刷的契尾,钤盖县州府衙的官方大印,规正三寸许,制,篆体,红色赫然,便成了官契,或者也叫做红契。

 

The title deed of the land shall be kept by the buyer as a certificate of ownership of the land and may be used as a mortgage. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, before the promulgation of the state land acquisition regulations (before January 1953), the land is allowed to be sold, and the land title still needs to be written when buying and selling the land. In ancient China, there were two kinds of land deeds: the white one and the red one. The deed signed by the buyer and the seller without being verified by the government is called the grass deed or the white deed. After the contract was established, it was verified and taxed by the government. After the government went through the formalities of transfer of ownership and tax, the end of the contract was pasted on the white contract, which was uniformly printed by the official typesetting, and the official seal of the county government was sealed. The three inch license, system, seal style and red color were made, which became the official contract, or red contract.

 


These land titles contain a lot of social information and profound cultural connotation, which are worthy of our permanent memory and collection. In recent years, with the help of the Dongfeng of cultural relics collection and identification, a large number of old land titles have come to the market, or sold by individuals, or appreciated the collection, showing the oriental culture. This group of contract documents is not only a simple contract for sale and purchase between villagers, but also a boundary demarcation document adjacent to county, township and village. It is also a precious historical and cultural material, which has certain reference value and practical significance, as well as great significance for cultural heritage. It is the best choice for collectors to invest in collection.   

 文中这些地契蕴含着大量的社会信息和深厚的文化内涵,值得我们永久纪念和珍藏。近年来借文物收藏鉴定的东风,老地契又大量涌上市面,或个人买卖,或鉴赏收藏,呈现出东方文化。这一组契约文书不单是村民之间简单的买卖立契文约,而且是一份县、乡、村三级毗邻的界线划分文书,是一份珍贵的历史文史资料,具有一定的参考研究历史价值和现实意义、文化传承意义也很大。是值得各位收藏家投资收藏的不二选者。

 

此件藏品为本次核心推荐藏品,欢迎各位藏友莅临咨询竞买,机会难得!

This collection is the core recommended collection of this time. You are welcome to come here for consultation and bidding. It's a rare opportunity!