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古玩行2019精品推荐第12期:海南黄花梨电视柜

海黄树在整个海南岛都有分布,树长在山顶、山腰和平地长出来的都有区别。主要是树在生长过程中,汲取养分和气候条件有区别,海黄树号称十年长一格(海南本地人把树心长成的海黄叫做"格"),不同环境形成的格不同,大抵是环境越恶劣材质越好,和印度小叶紫檀一样。环境造就了油梨和糠梨的区分,当然也有不易区分出的又像油梨又像糠梨的,还有糠油的共生体。这些都是大概的概念。没有一个严格的界限区分。

Haihuang trees are distributed in the whole Hainan Island. There are differences between the trees growing on the top of the mountain, on the hillside and peacefully. The main reason is that there are differences between the nutrient absorption and climate conditions during the growth of trees. Haihuang tree is known as the "grid" of ten years old (the Haihuang tree center grown by local people in Hainan) and the grid formed by different environments is different. The worse the environment is, the better the material is. It is the same as Indian small leaf rosewood. Environment makes the distinction between avocado and furfura pear. Of course, there are some difficult to distinguish, like avocado and furfura pear, as well as the symbiont of furfura oil. These are general concepts. There is no strict demarcation line.

 

海南黄花梨,别名:降香檀、花梨母、花梨、降香,检测报告为降香黄檀或香枝木(海南黄花梨),原产地中国海南岛吊罗山尖峰岭低海拔的平原和丘陵地区,多生长在吊罗山海拔100米左右阳光充足的地方。因其成材缓慢、木质坚实、花纹漂亮,始终位列五大名木之一,现为国家二级保护植物。

Hainan Huanghua pear, alias: Dalbergia odorifera, mother of Dalbergia odorifera, Huali, Dalbergia odorifera. The test report is Dalbergia odorifera or Hevea odorifera (Hainan Huanghua pear). It originates in the low altitude plain and hilly area of Jianfengling, Diaoluo Mountain, Hainan Island, China, and grows in the sunny place about 100m above the altitude of Diaoluo Mountain. Because of its slow timber, solid wood and beautiful patterns, it has always been one of the five famous trees, and now it is a national second-class protected plant.

海南黄花梨花纹美丽、色泽柔和,有香味,容易进行深颜色和浅颜色的调配,可表现出浅黄、深黄、深褐色、紫色。也适合镶嵌,具有加工性能良好,软硬轻重恰好,不易变形等特点。特别适宜制作榫卯,所以它是当时最佳的木料选择。

Hainan Huanghua pear has beautiful pattern, soft color and fragrance. It is easy to mix dark color and light color, showing light yellow, dark yellow, dark brown and purple. It is also suitable for inlay, with good processing performance, just right soft and hard weight, not easy to deform, etc. Especially suitable for making mortise and mortise, so it was the best choice of wood at that time.

海黄的香味不像沉香香味持久,是一种自然的美,如鲜花会谢去。海南黄花梨香味时有时无,雨天与阴天特别是连雨天会浓些,晴天比较淡,海黄的香味最大的特点是会缠身,过去很久不时的还会飘来阵阵熟悉的香味,这也是海黄的神秘诱人之处,民间流传海黄最香的部分是带有疤瘤的黄黄的根料与树结合部。 

The fragrance of sea yellow is not like the lasting fragrance of aloe, it is a natural beauty, such as flowers will fade away. The fragrance of Hainan Huanghua pear is sometimes absent. It will be stronger in rainy and cloudy days, especially in rainy days. It's lighter in sunny days. The most characteristic of the fragrance of Haihuang is that it will entangle itself. In the past, from time to time, it will come with familiar fragrance. This is also the mysterious and attractive place of Haihuang. The most fragrant part of Haihuang is the combination of root material and tree with scarred yellow.

 

海南黄花梨气干密度为0.82-1.1/cm3,仅有少数重的料或成品入水即沉,多数都会有点浮出水面,所以,不沉水就不是好料这样理解也是错误的。黄花梨又分为东部的黄梨(颜色发黄)和西部的油梨(红、紫、黑三种颜色都有)。东部的黄梨相对西部的油梨来说材质要轻,作为古时进贡皇家的木料,最为出名的形容就是荧光感强,半透明质感透露出屡屡金丝。产于海南岛西部的料子都叫油梨,所以也一般称为海南黄花梨西部料子。但是西部产的料子不一定都是油梨,只有油性密度达到一定的级别才能算作油梨的。其实这些说法并不是很科学。清·《崖州志》中有过对海南黄花梨的区分的:“花梨、紫红色,…...。气最辛香,有油格、糠格两种。油格者,不可多得。”这里描述的油格就是我们常说的油梨,其实应该叫做油黎,油黎一般是产在海南岛的昌化江流域,笼统地说西部也不科学,这一带产的海南黄花梨含油量高,含油1.5%--3.8%比重大多重于水,也就是能沉水,质地好,稍加打磨抛光就晶莹透亮,荧光特强,呈半透明琥珀状!海南黄花梨油梨的木性最为稳定,很少发生变形扭曲的现象,颜色很深,即使是新料,也跟糠梨的老料差不多,一般为红褐色和褐灰色,这种料子在海南存世量极少,价格也是最贵的,属于海南黄花梨中的搜索上品!

The air dry density of Hainan Huanghua pear is 0.82-1.1/cm3. Only a few heavy materials or finished products will sink when entering the water, and most of them will come out of the water a little bit. Therefore, it is wrong to understand that no sinking is a good material. Huanghua pear can be divided into yellow pear in the East and avocado in the West. The yellow pear in the East is lighter than the avocado in the West. As the wood for paying tribute to the royal family in ancient times, the most famous description is the strong fluorescence, and the translucent texture reveals repeated golden threads. The materials produced in the west of Hainan Island are called avocado, so they are also generally called the West materials of Hainan Huanghua pear. However, the materials produced in the West are not necessarily avocados. Only when the oil density reaches a certain level can they be regarded as avocados. In fact, these statements are not very scientific. In the records of Yazhou in the Qing Dynasty, there was a distinction between Hainan huanghuali and "Huali, purplish red ... The most spicy gas, there are oil grid, bran grid two. There are few oil grids. " The oil lattice described here is the avocado that we often say. In fact, it should be called Youli. Youli is generally produced in the Changhua River Basin of Hainan Island. Generally speaking, it is not scientific in the West. The oil content of Hainan Huanghua pear produced in this area is high. The proportion of oil content is 1.5% - 3.8%, which is mostly heavier than that of water, that is, it can sink water, with good texture. After a little polishing, it is crystal clear, with strong fluorescence and translucent amber Shape! Hainan Huanghua pear and avocado have the most stable wood properties, rarely deform and twist. The color is very deep. Even the new material is similar to the old one, which is generally reddish brown and brownish gray. This material has very little existence in Hainan, and its price is also the most expensive. It belongs to the top search product in Hainan Huanghua pear!

 

 

 

 

 

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