Ancient jade is a general term for ancient beautiful stones. It has the advantages of fine texture, moist color, bright and clean, no ice in winter, no excitement in summer and so on. Therefore, it is loved by the world and gradually becomes an important symbol of feudal etiquette. Generally, the jade before Han Dynasty is "ancient jade".
There has been a fashion of collecting jade since ancient times in China. Among the tombs of the rich in the Shang Dynasty, there were unearthed jade of Hongshan Culture and Shijiahe culture. The kings of all dynasties, such as the first emperor of Qin, Gaozong of Song Dynasty and Qianlong of Qing Dynasty, were big collectors of jade. The archaeology map of Lu Dalin of Song Dynasty, the ancient jade map of Zhu Derun of Yuan Dynasty, the gegu essentials of Cao Zhao of Ming Dynasty and the ancient jade map of Wu Da of Qing Dynasty, etc They are all works of ancient jade collection and research. Since the Neolithic Age in prehistoric times, jade carving in China has experienced more than 7000 years of development. It has become a world-famous and unique arts and crafts. It has a long history among the three countries (China, Mexico, New Zealand) famous for making jade in the world. Chinese people have a special preference for jade since ancient times. The beauty of ancient cloud and stone is jade. There was also an image metaphor, jade is the sacrifice of the earth. Known as the first cornerstone of Chinese civilization, Gaogu jade has profound mystery. In ancient times, a gentleman did not go to the body without reason, and a gentleman and a jade were virtuous. But the Jade's warm color symbolizes kindness, the rigid symbol wisdom, does not hurt the person's edge angle to express the fair justice. People believe that jade can protect and expel evil spirits, representing righteousness and spirituality. For ancient jade, it can be collected according to the standards of fine workmanship, excellent quality, skillful color and strange shape. Generally speaking, the identification of new jade focuses on the true and false jade materials, the quality of texture and the fineness of sculptors, while the identification of old jade requires the identification of the time of making jade, the role in history and the identity of the possessor, etc. Generally, ancient jade has exquisite knife techniques and simple patterns. To appreciate ancient jade, we should pay more attention to its cultural connotation and historical value.
The Chinese nation has a long history of loving jade and worshiping it. From the ancient people to the modern times, people have a special interest in jade. There are a lot of representative artifacts in various periods of China, which are rich in the characteristics of the times and the value of historical research. Generally speaking, there are ancient pottery in the Xia Dynasty, bronze in the Shang and Zhou dynasties, lacquer in the Han Dynasty, gold and silver in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and porcelain in the song and Ming and Qing Dynasties. Although these artifacts are popular in the long history, they have their own advantages However, none of them can last as long as jade and have been so loved by the people for a long time, which is incomparable to any other country and region in the world.