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古玩行2019精品推荐第12期:内府霁蓝五彩龙凤纹四棱瓶!

在我国历史上元朝的存在尚不足百年,但在经济领域的许多方面,特别是手工制造业上有一定程度的发展和提高,尤以制瓷业十分突出,在我国陶瓷史上占有极为重要的地位。元代瓷器的制作无论在颜料的炼制或烧造方面进步颇为显著,且已经发展到相当成熟的阶段了。考证这种霁蓝釉,是中国元代景德镇窑所烧制,在中国瓷器上运用蓝釉可以追溯到唐代,发展到元朝时中国景德镇的御窑场,把钴做为青花的呈色剂融在釉中后烧成钴蓝釉,这才有了霁蓝釉瓷器上均匀稳定有如蓝宝石般的颜色。 

In the history of our country, the existence of Yuan Dynasty is less than a hundred years, but in many aspects of the economic field, especially in the manual manufacturing industry, there is a certain degree of development and improvement, especially in the porcelain industry is very prominent, which occupies a very important position in the history of China's ceramics. The production of Yuan Dynasty porcelain has made remarkable progress in the refining and firing of pigments, and has reached a quite mature stage. The research proves that the Ji blue glaze was made in Jingdezhen kiln of Yuan Dynasty. The application of blue glaze on Chinese porcelain can be traced back to Tang Dynasty, and developed to the imperial kiln of Jingdezhen in Yuan Dynasty. Cobalt was used as the color agent of blue and white to melt in the glaze and then burned into cobalt blue glaze, which made the Ji blue glaze uniform and stable as sapphire.

 

【藏品名称】:内府霁蓝五彩龙凤纹四棱瓶一对

[collection name]: a pair of four edge bottles with five colors and patterns of dragon and Phoenix in neifu Ji

【类别】:瓷器

[category]: porcelain

【规格】:高 36.2公分 宽23公分

[Specification]: height 36.2cm, width 23cm

此对内府霁蓝五彩龙凤纹四棱瓶,宝石蓝釉烧得十分成熟到位,五彩釉有紫红、娇黄、纯白、熟绿和描金线条,用手扶之有明显的凸出感;彩釉周边可见明显的七彩虹光;肩部描金沥粉楷书“内府”铭;底部露胎,胎质坚致洁白,有少许褐色杂点和亮青釉斑;器形规正大气,包浆浑厚,元代彩釉瓷器珍品,极具研究、艺术、收藏价值。

This is a pair of four edge bottles with Jilan, five color dragon and phoenix patterns. The sapphire blue glaze is very mature and in place. The five color glaze has purplish red, delicate yellow, pure white, ripe green and gold lines, which are obviously protruding by hand. Seven rainbow light can be seen around the colored glaze. The shoulder is painted with gold, asphalt, regular script "inner house" inscription. The bottom is exposed, the body is firm and white, with a little brown speckles and bright blue glaze spots. The shape of the ware is Regular atmosphere, thick coating, Yuan Dynasty glaze porcelain treasures, with research, art, collection value.

内府款霁蓝釉凤纹盖罐色鲜明夺目,蓝釉和珐琅彩凤纹颜色对比强烈,釉色用料有浓淡,据史料《南窑笔记》记载:“青窑宣德为盛,俱成宣窑一种,极其精致古朴,用料有浓淡,墨势浑然而庄重。青花有渗铁皮绣,底足内胎涩无釉……”等,该罐蓝釉深比青墨,淡如蓝宝石,淡雅洁静,青靓而庄重,就象是元代霁蓝釉的风韵。

The color of Ji blue glaze phoenix pattern jar cover is bright and eye-catching. The color contrast between blue glaze and enamel phoenix pattern is strong, and the glaze color materials are thick and thin. According to the historical material "notes of South kiln", it is recorded that "Xuande of green kiln is prosperous, and all of them are Xuanyao. They are extremely exquisite and simple, and the materials are thick and light, and the ink momentum is pure and solemn. Blue and white are embroidered with infiltrated iron, and the inner tube of the foot is not smooth without glaze... " And so on. The blue glaze of this pot is deeper than that of green ink. It is as light as sapphire, elegant and quiet, beautiful and solemn, just like the charm of Ji blue glaze in Yuan Dynasty.

历史上有内府二字的瓷器早在宋朝就出现过,到元代国家政务中心是“枢密院”,在瓷器上出现大量的“枢府”二字,到明朝挂年号的比比皆是,而内府二字是款是饰,目前难以定论。造成这种原因,客观上由于内府二字瓷器存世太少,无从参照,二十世纪初,北京出土过有内府二字的白釉梅瓶,解放前就流落到日本,现珍藏在日本安宅博物馆,成为他国的珍贵文物,除此而外,再也没有能够佐证的瓷器。但是可以肯定地认为如果有内府二字的瓷器是皇宫内苑的专用器皿,无疑在当时封建等级制度的禁锢下,其生产数量是不会有挂款的瓷器那么多,是受到皇权限制(奉旨烧造)的,这是被可观的历史背景所决定的。由于数量少,加上数百年的宫延变迁,能传世到今天的,确实是凤毛麟角,十分的稀少。

In history, porcelain with the word "neifu" appeared as early as the Song Dynasty. In the Yuan Dynasty, the State Administration Center was the Privy Council. There were a large number of the word "Zhufu" on the porcelain. In the Ming Dynasty, there were many hang year numbers. However, the word "neifu" is a decoration, which is hard to be determined at present. For this reason, objectively, there are too few neifu two character porcelain to refer to. At the beginning of the 20th century, a white glazed plum vase with neifu two character was unearthed in Beijing, and it was exiled to Japan before liberation. Now it is collected in the Yasha Museum of Japan and becomes a precious cultural relic of other countries. Besides, there is no porcelain that can be proved. But it can be sure that if the porcelain with the word "neifu" is the special utensils of the Imperial Palace, there is no doubt that under the confinement of the feudal hierarchy at that time, its production quantity will not be as much as that of the porcelain with money on it, which is limited by the Imperial power (made for the purpose of burning), which is determined by the considerable historical background. As a result of the small number, coupled with hundreds of years of Miyan changes, can be handed down to today, is indeed rare, very rare.

 

现在内府款在纽约、伦敦、香港及内地市场价钱是越走越高,2008年金球春拍中,明内府款绿釉龙纹梅瓶,以六百万起拍后,竞价声四起,终于以一千两百万元的成交价拍出,缔造内府款瓷器在内地拍卖纪录;2010年北京明永乐内府款卵白釉龙纹双耳扁壶,六百万起拍,经由近六轮的争取,以一千八百五十万成交;2011年香港佳士得秋拍中元代白釉“内府”款云龙纹双耳瓶,在佳士得的香港拍卖会上,以5634万港元的惊人价钱拍出,更是创下其时内府款瓷器拍卖的天下纪录。从整个艺术品市场来看,内府款瓷器在未来的升值空间重大,也颇受珍藏家喜欢。

At present, the price of domestic porcelain in New York, London, Hong Kong and the mainland market is getting higher and higher. In 2008, in the golden ball spring auction, the green glazed dragon shaped plum vase of Ming Dynasty's domestic porcelain was auctioned at a price of 12 million yuan after the auction started at six million yuan, creating a record of domestic porcelain auction in the mainland. In 2010, the egg white glazed dragon shaped double ear flat pot of Beijing Ming Yongle's domestic porcelain was auctioned at nearly six million yuan In 2011, Christie's auction in Hong Kong was held in the autumn of the mid Yuan Dynasty. The white glazed double eared bottle with dragon and cloud patterns was sold at Christie's auction in Hong Kong at a staggering price of HK $56.34 million, which was the world record of domestic porcelain auction at that time. From the perspective of the whole art market, the appreciation space of domestic porcelain is significant in the future, and it is also popular with collectors.

 

 

 

 

 

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